transmitting other pathogens between plants. Cassytha filiformis L. is a leafless, climbing, twining, vine-like, autoparasitic and plant-hyperparasitic phanero-. C. filiformis is a parasitic vine with a pan-tropical distribution (GBIF, ). It is primarily a plant of coastal areas, where it may become. Cassytha filiformis L. (Lauraceae), a medicinal plant is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, African trypanosomiasis and many other related diseases.
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In Africa it is used to treat cancer, African trypanosomiasis and other diseases Hoet et al. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew.
Cassytha filiformis – Useful Tropical Plants
This species may have medicinal properties. The whole plant, but especially the stem, contains a series of alkaloids, tannins, saponins and leucanthocyanins. Unwanted host plants can be removed to reduce the spread of C.
Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenphysiologie, 97 3: First true leaves very small, scale-like, about 1 mm long, lacking definite venation.
It is not known to be affected by soil type or pH. Two cataphylls produced before the first true leaves. For instance, ocoteine, a compound isolated from C.
There are few records of natural enemies on C. Environmental Services In Florida, USA, suppression of the invasive tree Schinus terebinthifolius by the potential biocontrol filifformis Episimus unguiculus can be enhanced by parasitism of the tree by the native C.
Ghosh and Das, Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens The plant also scrambles over the ground, clogging pathways Photograph by: Dicotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness C. Often grows in open forest but also in beach forest, vine thicket, monsoon forest and rain forest.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cassytha filiformis
Seedlings can then survive for up to 8 weeks without a host, growing to a length of 30 cm or more, presumably relying mainly on the seed reserves Nelson, Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern.
International Common Names English: Stems produce numerous haustoria which extract nutrients from the host plant and perhaps other stems of the parasite.
It is believed to reduce photosynthesis in its hosts The Noni Website,but it is not clear whether this is a physiological effect, or arises from the smothering effect of the dense mass of stems and effective shading of the host. Views Read Edit View history. Further details may be available for cassyhha references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Journal filiformus the Bombay Natural History Society, 87 3: Flora Zambesiaca, Kew Databases.
It contains small quantities of a poisonous alkaloid, large doses filkformis which are fatal. Impact on Habitats C. Note on parasite-host interaction of Cassytha filiformis L. Host-range studies of Cassytha filiformis L.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Seedling glabroustwining or meandering.
Means of Movement and Dispersal Top of page Natural Dispersal Non-biotic dispersal may occur locally by strong winds or water movement. Manikandan and Srivastava, De la Harpe et al. Inner tepals about 2 mm long. Vector Transmission Biotic C. Manual removal is unlikely to be fully effective other than filidormis the very early stages of an infestation, and even then will involve substantial damage to the host plant.
The stems vary in thickness, and Werth et al.