Empedobacter brevis is a gram negative non motile bacillus and an obligate aerobe which rarely causes infection in humans In , the. Empedobacter (ex Prévot ) Vandamme et al. , gen. nov., nom. rev. Type species: ¤ Empedobacter brevis (Holmes and Owen ) Vandamme et al . Empedobacter brevis (formerly designated Flavobacterium breve) is a gram- negative aerobe involved in nosocomial infections. The Ambler class B β- lactamase.
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Surveillance culture was sent to trace the source of infection but we were not able to trace the source of infection in the index case. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases. The mode of transmission that has been postulated is exposure of patients to contaminated medical devices or solutions, but source is usually not always known [ 6 ]. There are no definite treatment guidelines as there is lack of validated in vitro susceptibility testing methods for these bacteria.
It is commonly found in soil, water, raw meat products, and hospital environments [ 12 ]. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. A case of Anaphylactoid purpura suggested to Empedobacter flavobacterium brevis infection concerned. Blood cultures drawn on days 1, 2, and 3 of hospitalization grew E.
Empedobacter brevis Bacteremia in a Patient Infected with HIV: Case Report and Review of Literature
In the absence of any signs or symptoms of inflammation of the knee joint, the primary team, the consulting rheumatologist, and orthopedic surgeon decided against performing an arthrocentesis. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. Support Center Support Center. Basudev Gupta, Deepak Sharma, and Pradeep Sharma participated in the design of the study and performed the literature search.
The oropharynx was clear, cardiac and respiratory examination was normal, abdominal examination was significant for mild pain at palpation diffusely, and there were normal bowel sounds and no rebound or guarding. Description of Chryseobacterium gen. The relationship between E.
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
In this case series, twelve patients were referred because of endophthalmitis after 1—6 days of uncomplicated cataract extraction. The blood culture sent on days 1, 2, emmpedobacter 3 of admission showed growth of E. It is an environmental inhabitant and is occasionally encountered in human specimens.
J Glob Infect Dis. The neonate was started on minimal feeds and intravenous fluid.
An Interesting Case of Empedobacter Brevis Bacteremia After Right Knee Cellulitis
A year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus HIV and CD4 count of presented with chief complaints of black tarry stools, nausea and vomiting for 2 days. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI showed a fractured right patella. Hospital acquired infections can be controlled through the use of appropriate sterile technique with implementation of strict protocols for sterilization and disinfection of hospital supplies [ 16 ]. Indexed in Web of Science.
The development of infection basically requires exposure of debilitated patients to a contaminated source. Skin biopsy showed leukocytoclastic vasculitis and culture grew E. There was no history of recent travel or active substance abuse.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Piperacillin-tazobactam was continued and repeat blood cultures on day 4 showed no growth.
They were treated with intravitreal vancomycin and amikacin in addition to ophthalmologic interventions and had good clinical outcomes.
Empedobacter brevis formerly known as Flavobacterium brevis are gram-negative, and short nonmotile rods, which are widely distributed in the environment both in soil and water. Published online Aug However, treatment of infections caused by E. Empedobacter brevis varies in being short to long nonmotile rods. View at Google Scholar. There has only been one other reported case of E. Empedobacter brevisalso known as Flavobacterium breveis a gram-negative bacillus and belongs to the Flavobacteriaceae family.
Both knee joints were normal on examination with no signs of inflammation, tenderness, or restriction of movement. On physical exam, her right knee was swollen, red and tender to touch, with a sutured lacerated wound oozing serosanguineous drainage. Outbreak of Empedobacter brevis endophthalmitis after cataract extraction.