Carburizing is a case-hardening process in which carbon is dissolved in the surface layers of a low-carbon steel part at a temperature sufficient to render the. Gas carburizing is a surface-hardening process that is carried out at a high temperature, usually above °C. Carburizing is essentially the addition of carbon. Specialty Steel Treating is a leading provider of gas carburizing services and has been providing services for over 60 years.

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In general, gas carburizing is used for parts that are large.

Gas Carburising Process

Without measuring and including the effects of free methane in the gaz calculation, the real potential of the atmosphere is not known. The case depth is approximately 0. We are pleased to work closely with clients serving some of the hardest-working industries in the world.

A few typical hardening agents include carbon monoxide gas COsodium cyanide and barium carbonateor hardwood charcoal. For non-equilibrium atmospheres or when the CO may be constant during a cycle, it is possible to input a CO value from an infra red analyzer via the auxiliary input.

Gas Carburizing Gas carburizing is theoretically similar to pack carburizing aside from the supply of carbon monoxide gas to the heated furnace and the carbon decomposition.


Always be ready for an Audit. Alternatively, a nitrogen — Methanol mixture, injected into the furnace can be used to produce a synthetic Endothermic gas. Process Planning Designers usually specify the case hardness, case depth, and carburisinb hardness required to meet the service loads they anticipate, for a particular part. In practice, this is defined in a carbon potential setpoint profile which runs concurrently with the temperature cycle. However changes are small compared to heat-treating operations.


Atomic carbon used in the process is generated by the reaction between the gaseous furnace atmosphere and the steel.

The four carburizing processes are explained below. The provided service is carried out by our carbuirsing team of professionals in the best possible manner.

Depending on the final requirement for effective case gass, the whole cycle may take many hours. Carburizing is essentially the addition of carbon at the surface of low carbon steels at appropriate temperatures. Conversely, shallow case carburizing is frequently done at lower temperatures because case depth can be controlled more accurately with the slower rate of carburizing obtained at lower temperatures.

Similarly, additional diffusion and interchange of carbon with the atmosphere will occur during cooling prior to quenching.

Mobile Number Please enter Mobile Number. Our organization is backed by well-equipped infrastructure and technology to execute this service in an excellent manner. Bessemer process Open hearth furnace Carburiing arc furnace Basic oxygen process. In gas carburizing, the CO is given off by propane or natural gas. Liquid carburizing is used for small and medium parts and pack carburizing can be used for large carbuising and individual processing of small parts in bulk.

Combining the two laws carbjrising to a partial differential equation that describes the diffusion process. This use of gas distinguishes gas carburizing from other varieties of carburizing. A carrier gas similar in composition to Endogas produced from methane can be formed from a nitrogen-methanol blend. A main goal when producing carburized carburusing is to ensure maximum contact between the workpiece surface and the carbon-rich elements.

We are a unique name in the industry to provide our esteemed clients the best quality Gas Carburising Processing Service.

To obtain the true driving force, the surface carbon content in an alloy must be converted into the equivalent carbon content in pure iron. The assumption is that the carburising is taking place as a direct result of the CO content in the atmosphere. As metals are made up of atoms bound tightly into a metallic crystalline latticethe carbon atoms diffuse into the crystal structure of the metal and either remain in solution dissolved within the metal crystalline matrix — this normally occurs at lower temperatures or react with elements in the host metal to form carbides normally at higher temperatures, due to the higher mobility of the host metal’s atoms.


The resulting gradient in carbon content below the surface of the part causes a gradient in hardness, producing a strong, wear-resistant surface layer on a material, usually low-carbon steel, which is readily fabricated into parts. Once the heating and carbon diffusion part of the process are complete it is necessary to rapidly quench the components to a defined alloy recipe. For a particular alloy, the amount of retained austenite in the case increases as the case carbon content increases.

Gas Carburizing

By using the thermochemical equilibrium constant for the above reaction the carbon activity of the atmosphere can be calculated:. Gas carburising and other surface chemistry treatments can be carried out in batch or continuous furnaces dependent on the parts under treatment and the user requirements.

Total Materia has allowed us to solve in a definite way all problems we had for the search of alternate carurising in foreign countries.